Man’s relationship with cannabis strains goes way back before the prohibition.
Throughout history, there’s a wealth of evidence that shows its importance in medicine, spirituality, and textiles across cultures. Some records even prove that the people of China were using medical marijuana nearly 5000 years ago.
Over the years, opinions have shifted favorably towards the use of cannabis thanks to research that supports its medicinal benefits. But many people still get overwhelmed when it comes to choosing the right strain to match their needs.
If you’re interested in knowing more about cannabis and its effects, then this cannabis strains guide for Australia is precisely what you need.
Aussie Strain Guide
What are Cannabis Strains?
Cannabis originally came from the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. Records of people using it for medicinal purposes date back to 4000B.C.
New cannabis variations later developed. And some were purposefully crossbred, resulting in thousands of different strains.
The kind of experience you have when you consume cannabis will depend on the strain you choose.
Your knowledge of the strains will determine whether you’ll have an experience that broadens the mind or one that’s filled with paranoia and anxiety.
Each strain affects the body differently. They also have varying flavors, aromas, Cannabidiol (CBD), and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels.
Strains rich in THC and CBD are great for medicinal and recreational use. Some early descriptions even talk about how people used cannabis as anesthesia or medicine for depression and appetite.
Other conditions that might improve with the use of cannabis include:
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting
- Neuropathic pain
- Sleep disorders
To provide you with a better understanding of the topic, we’re going to break down the main types of cannabis strains, their characteristics, and their effects on the body. We’ll also check out the origin of some of the most popular strains on the market.
Aussie Cannabis Species
Back in the early 1700s, people thought that cannabis had one species. However, in 1753 a Swedish botanist called Carl Linnaeus discovered and named it Cannabis Sativa.
Later, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck discovered a second species in 1785 and named it Cannabis Indica.
A Russian botanist then discovered a third species in 1924 and named it Cannabis Ruderalis.
These are the three Cannabis subspecies that we’re going to expound on:
We’re also going to have a quick look at hybrids later on.
The Characteristics of Sativa
Cannabis Sativa came from equatorial countries like Thailand, Mexico, Columbia, and Southeast Asia.
It’s one of the most commonly grown strains. People use it for medicine, food, recreation, seed oil, and industrial fiber.
You can easily identify Sativa plants because of their physical appearance. They have long, narrow leaves and can grow as tall as 15 to 20 feet. The plants also have a growing and flowering cycle of up to 6 months.
Sativa is the best strain or marijuana seeds for outdoor growing, considering its height potential. Another trait that sets it apart from other species is its distinct smell.
People cross breed Sativa with Indica marijuana seeds / plants to make them easy to grow indoors. Combining the two species helps reduce their height and overall growing time.
Here is a summary of the characteristics and properties associated with the plant.
SHOP SEED DEALS
Buy the highest quality Cannabis seeds at the cheapest prices, all with free, ‘stealth’ postage, guaranteed delivery and germination, as well as all the help and support you need from seed to harvest.
|Origin||South America, Thailand|
|Leaf shape||Large and thin leaves with serrated edges|
|Plant appearance||Tall and thin|
|Average height||10 to 20 feet (3 meters)|
|Medicinal uses||Depression, anxiety, bipolar, ADHD, anorexia, etc.|
|High effects||Uplifting head-high for creativity, focus, social and energy|
|Best time used||Daytime|
|THC content||Medium to high|
|CBD content||low to medium|
|Growth time (maturity)||10 to 18 weeks|
|Indoors / outdoors||Outdoors|
|Climate||Humid and tropical|
|Flowering Light cycle||12 hours / 12 hours|
The Characteristics of Indica
The Indica species originated from the Indian subcontinent. Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan, are some of the places where the plant grew.
Indica strains are best suited for short seasons and cold climates. They are bushy with broad leaves and have soft-colored marble seeds. The plants aren’t very tall since their height ranges from 2 to 6 feet.
Compared to the Sativa species, Indicas are easy to grow indoors. They have a shorter growing cycle and a smaller structure.
The plants flower much faster, and you can easily influence the flowering phase by adjusting the light cycle.
Indica plants produce an average yield of 1.5 to 2.5 ounces per plant and have more CBD compared to Sativas.
Some of the commonly found Cannabis Indica flavors and aromas are earth, pine, skunk, and hash to a sweet and sugary flavor. Popular strains used for recreational and medical purposes include Kush and Northern lights.
The following table summarizes the characteristics and properties of the plant.
|Origin||Afghanistan, India, Pakistan|
|Plant appearance||Bushy and short|
|Average height||5 feet|
|Medicinal uses||Epilepsy, MS, Parkison’s, Sleep Apnea, Chronic Pain, etc.|
|High effects||Medium-to-heavy body high and light head high|
|Best time used||Nighttime|
|THC content||Low to medium|
|CBD content||Medium to high|
|Growth time (maturity)||6 to 8 weeks|
|Indoors / outdoors||Indoors|
|Climate||Sunny, humid, and tropical|
|Flowering Light cycle||12 hours / 12 hours|
The Characteristics of Ruderalis
The Ruderallis species is native to Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Russia. It can grow in almost any kind of environment and was considered a wild breed of cannabis for some time.
Ruderalis plants have thick and sturdy stems with heights that range from 1 to 2.5 ft. The plants can grow indoors and outdoors as well.
One of their distinct characteristics is that unlike the Indica and Sativa species, their photoperiod doesn’t influence their flowering cycles.
Instead, their flowering cycles are uniquely induced based on the plant’s maturity. What this means is that auto-flowering will occur regardless of the light cycle.
Another trait that differentiates the Ruderalis strain from the other species is that they produce a very small amount of CBD and little to no THC.
However, combining it with strains of Indica or Sativa results in exotic auto-flowering hybrids that have unique potency and aromatic features.
Breeders and cultivators primarily use this species as a source of additional genetic material. The process gives auto-flowering capabilities to the strains combined with the Ruderalis plant.
Additionally, the combination helps create hybrid strains that can be adjusted to grow in Northerly climates.
Here’s a summary of the plant’s characteristics.
|Growth height||1 to 2 feet tall|
|Leaves color||Light green shade|
|Appearance||Small vegetable plant or flower|
|Bud (flower) size||Small and plump|
|Flowering cycles||21 to 30 days|
|Light cycle||Light cycle has no effect on flowering|
|Growing difficulty||Easy with minimal maintenance|
|Growing environment||Any weather, outdoors and indoors|
Hybrid Marijuana Strains
We get hybrid strains of cannabis when we interchangeably combine Indica, Sativa, and Ruderalis.
The modern grower and consumer have more options than ever before since there are currently over 450 seed varieties in the market today.
Growers use hybridization to combine the most desirable traits of different strains. As a result, they can even create hybrids that are stronger than landrace strains.
Most hybrids fall under the following categories:
50/50 Hybrids: Bred from an even combination of Sativa and Indica strains.
Sativa-dominant hybrids: Are Sativa bred with strong Sativa characteristics. These hybrids often have a light fruity odor and thin wispy buds.
Indica-dominant hybrids: Are Indica bred with strong Indica characteristics. They often have small thick buds and a heavy skunky odor.
Hybrids have varying levels of THC and CBD, depending on the combination of the strains. Some breeders also consider things like color and plant aroma when crossbreeding.
Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds produced by cannabis. They interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system and are responsible for the effects of cannabis on the body.
Scientists have discovered over 85 cannabinoids, but the two main ones are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol).
Even though the cannabis plant produces both of them, they each have a different effect on the body.
THC is the primary psychoactive component. It’s responsible for the stimulating and euphoric effect you get when you consume marijuana.
THC makes you feel high because it activates the body’s CB one receptors. It’s the compound that also causes anxiety, paranoia, and an increase in appetite. Although, the effects vary depending on the user.
On the other hand, CBD is non-psychotropic. It can cancel out the THC effects since it’s antipsychotic. This compound is more sedating and relaxing.
It’s essential to consider the cannabinoid content of the medical marijuana products you use to ensure that you get the desired effects.
Most Australian medicinal cannabis oils have the following composition:
A CBD content of 0.6% or less is low, whereas 1% or more is relatively high. On the other hand, THC below 5% is low, whereas 10% and above is relatively high.
It’s also important to note that the amount of THC it takes to get someone high varies from person to person.
Cannabis strains with THC levels that are over 20% are potent. However, it’s rare to see products with THC levels that are higher than 25%.
When you analyze a product’s cannabinoid content, you’ll be able to tell which ones have more psychotropic or medicinal effects.
Medicinal Cannabis Strains Effects and Uses
In 2015, The Victorian Law Reform Commission (VLCR) issued a report on the research conducted on patients who used cannabis medicinally.
Hundreds of Australians provided testimonials about how their lives had changed after they started medicinal cannabis treatments. Some of the patients had cancer, chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy.
The effectiveness of cannabis treatments also explains why the number of Medicinal Cannabis Users Association of Australia (MCUA) members keep steadily increasing.
This continuous use of medical marijuana makes it necessary to know the differences and medical applications of the Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid cannabis strains.
Sativa has a higher amount of THC than CBD. In other words, it causes more cerebral and euphoric effects.
You should consider cannabis products made from the Sativa strain if you’re looking for something that will energize and uplift you. Such effects are also what make Sativa the best option for socializing and day time use.
In summary, Sativa strains are suitable for:
- Mood improvement
- Relieving Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Increasing concentration
- Reducing intraocular pressure (glaucoma treatment)
- Combating fatigue
- Treating depression
- Reducing nausea
- Appetite stimulation
What are the Main Medical Benefits from Sativa Cannabis Strains?
Cannabis Sativa strains provide relief for the following illnesses and diseases:
|Illness/ Disease||Symptoms Relief|
|Alzheimer’s Disease||Increases the patient’s concentration.|
|Glaucoma||Provides relief from physical pain.|
|Depression||Helps treat mood swings and fatigue. It also provides stress relief.|
|Bipolar||Helps with mood swings|
|Chronic Fatigue||Helps relieve fatigue|
|HIV/AIDS||It can help relieve patients of physical pain, nausea, and fatigue.|
Examples of Popular Sativa Strains
- Offers long-lasting pain relief
- Has an energizing effect
- Pungent diesel fuel-like aroma
- Has an earthy flavor
- Boosts creativity
- Hits hard and energizes
- Has a sweet and spicy aroma
- Great for migraine relief, nausea, and vomiting
- Increases appetite
- Leaves users in a state of blissful happiness
- Helps clear your head
- A crossbreed of Northern Lights, Shiva Skunk, and Haze
- Has a super spicy aroma
- Offers a cooling sensation, making it great for patients with lung conditions
- Tangerine aroma
- Offers a euphoric and relaxing effect when taken in large quantities
- Moderate consumption leaves users feeling focused and uplifted
- A crossbreed of either a Tangerine Dream with a Skunk hybrid or California Orange with a Skunk hybrid
- Bold citrus flavor
- A crossbreed of a Super Sativa Seed Club, a Skunk #1, and an Afghani landrace
- Tangy flavor
- Tropical aroma
- Sharpens focus
- Helps with fatigue
- Sweet lemon flavor
- Potent and energizing
- Helps users mellow out
- Offers a mellow euphoric effect
- Tropical aroma
- Pineapple flavor
- Stress relief
- Boosts creativity and motivation
- Offers a long-lasting body-relaxing effect
- Helps clear the head
- Great for mood swings and anxiety
- Highly potent
- Good for daytime consumption
Products derived from cannabis Indica offer calming and sedating effects.
The Indica strain is more relaxing because it has more CBD compared to THC. That’s why people use it for pain relief, anti-anxiety, and muscle relaxation.
Indica dominant strains are also known to provide a light-medium head high and a beautiful body high.
These strains come highly recommended for:
- Pain relief from migraines, arthritis, menstrual pain, etc.
- Muscle relaxation
- Reducing spasms
- Treating against anxiety, stress, and sleep problems (insomnia, sleep apnea, etc.)
- Asthma control
- Treating seizures and nausea
What are the Leading Medical Benefits from Indica Cannabis Strains?
Consuming cannabis products derived from the Indica strain can offer relief for the following:
|Arthritis||Helps with physical pain|
|PMS||Provides relief from physical pain|
|Inflammation||Helps reduce inflammation and physical pain|
|Crohn’s Disease||Reduces physical pain|
|Epilepsy||Helps with seizures and muscle spasms|
|Cancer||Treats nausea and anxiety|
|Multiple Sclerosis (MS)||Treats muscle spasms, physical pain, and seizures|
|Fibromyalgia||Helps manage physical pain|
|Lupus||Used for physical pain and headaches|
|Sleep Apnea||Treats insomnia|
|Anxiety disorders||Treats anxiety|
|Parkinson’s Disease||Muscle Spasms and Seizures|
Examples of Popular Indica strains
- Pungent, spicy aroma
- Distinct pine flavor/ sweet-herbal flavor
- Mellowing psychoactive effects
- Deeply relaxing
- Great for insomnia, anxiety, and depression
- Offers both a mental and body high
- Pain-free state of euphoria
- Relaxes muscles and induces appetite
- Good for insomnia
- Strong grape and berry scent
- Sweet earthy flavor
- Chocolate and coffee scents
- Offers stress relief
- Uplifts moods
- Full-body relaxation
- Great for evening consumption
- Potent and hard-hitting
- Helps with stress and anxiety
- Good for pain relief
- Leaves users blissfully happy
- Good for insomnia, pain, and stress relief
- Highly potent with a deeply relaxing and sedating high
- Earthy Aroma
- Sweet flavor
- Recommended for nausea
- Cool and calm body high
- Helps with appetite loss
- Offers pain relief
- Sweet and earthy aroma
CBD Rich Cannabis Strains
Most of the medicinal cannabis products on the market are rich in CBD. Reason being, Cannabidiol offers the necessary medical and therapeutic benefits without the high effect.
As much as some people enjoy the psychoactive high offered by THC, choosing high CBD strains and products becomes a priority when you’re strictly seeking medical relief.
CBD has also become a reliable solution for patients seeking treatment for:
- Dystonia (a muscle disorder)
- Multiple Sclerosis
A good number of Australian cannabis companies are developing strains that have high CBD content.
As a result, the medical cannabis industry will continue to benefit from CBD-rich strains for patients and continuous scientific research.
Most of the popular cannabis strains today came about as a result of crossbreeding. These new strains have interesting effects and are often more potent.
The following are some of the cannabis variations that gave rise to modern-day strains. Let’s have a look at their effects, flavors, and grow information.
The Cheese strain is an Indica dominant hybrid that originated from the U.K in the late 1900s. It’s mostly known for its consistent potency, unique flavor, and sharp sour aroma.
The strain’s aroma is highly noticeable, so it’s not a good option for people who want some discretion. When it comes to flavor, the best words to describe it are earthy, nutty, and cheddar-like.
It has a high THC content since it’s a crossbreed of the Skunk #1 and Afghani landrace strains. Consuming Cheese can uplift your mood, help you feel relaxed, and put you in a state of euphoria.
Patients often use it to induce sleep, relieve chronic pain, and restore their appetites. It’s an excellent choice for people who want to kick back, relax, and get into a happy, contented state of mind.
The downside to this strain is that it leads to intense hunger, so be prepared for the worst case of munchies if you plan to have a go at it.
Cheese has a distinct Indica type of appearance. Additionally, its bud gets a slight unique coloration when dried correctly.
This strain grows best indoors and has an average flowering period of nine to ten weeks. It grows easily and requires little maintenance. Therefore, it’s a great option for new growers.
Other cannabis variations with the cheese trademark include:
White Widow: For Beginners and Big Production
The White Widow is responsible for other celebrity strains like the Moby Dick, Blue Widow, and the White Siberian.
The “White” in its name is due to its heavy resin gland content. Its buds are also white with crystal resin. Moreover, it doesn’t fully color up when it’s ready for harvest.
Created in 1994, it’s genetics are traceable to a strain from South India and a pure Brazilian Sativa. It has a 60% Indica and 40% Sativa makeup.
Due to its composition, the White Widow’s THC levels range from 20 to 25%. It also offers a unique, upbeat, high that relaxes the body.
The strain is quite potent and has hard-hitting effects. However, it still offers a host of therapeutic and medicinal benefits. Its immense resin production is also one of its major selling points.
People describe its flavor as fruity and spicy. The White Widow has a skunky, pungent aroma as well.
Consuming this strain will leave you feeling euphoric, happy, social, and energized. Patients often use it to treat depression, chronic pain, and anxiety.
You should consider this strain if you’re looking to grow cannabis plants that can do well indoors and outdoors.
The strain’s flowering time is about eight to ten weeks, and it can grow up to 6 feet or taller. It’s also somewhat resistant to cold climates, bugs, and molds.
Sour Diesel: The Most Unique Flavor
The term ‘Diesel’ in its name comes from its pungent aroma. It emanates a strong odor of gasoline, skunk, and lemon.
On the other hand, it got its ‘Sour’ name from its citrus-like flavor. It’s fairly accurate to describe it as an earthy flavor with a dash of citrus fruit.
This strain is perfect for morning use, although it also offers the ideal high for any time of the day. It’s known for its energizing, uplifting, and motivational effects. Sour Diesel is also great for people who feel like they need a creative boost.
Patients use it to treat mood disorders like bipolar disorder and depression. It’s also useful for stress relief and treating chronic pain. Its euphoric psychological effects help people feel relaxed and revitalized.
One of the downsides to this strain is that users often get cotton mouth. So make sure you drink plenty of fluids and stay hydrated if you ever try it out.
Sour Diesel can grow indoors and outdoors. The plant also has an average flowering time of nine to ten weeks. A good yield often produces around 20 to 25 ounces of marijuana per plant.
Examples of strains created from Sour Diesel include Sour Kush and Sour White.
AK-47 Marijuana Strain: For High Yield and New Crops
AK-47 was developed in the Netherlands in 1992. It’s a Sativa dominant hybrid created from four potent landrace strains – Thai, Afghani, Colombian, and Mexican.
The plant has a vivid lime-green color and silvery-white buds. It’s an aromatic strain with a sweet, earthy, delicate, and flowery taste.
Overall, it has a high THC content (20%), a fair amount of CBD (1.5%), and an exciting flavor profile. This strain stands out because it has a few negative side effects and tons of medicinal benefits.
The high usually lasts for three to four hours, and it often puts people into a mellow trance. It’s not surprising that people often refer to it as the poster-child for all the great weed created in the ’90s.
The strain will leave you feeling light and giggly since it has an uplifting effect. Users experience a body high that’s deeply relaxing.
Despite that, there’s a chance that it can also galvanize you into productivity. The AK-47 strain can help you get creative and focused as well.
People use this strain to treat conditions like insomnia, nausea, chronic pain, and appetite loss.
You’ll have an easier time growing an AK-47 plant if you already have some cultivation experience. It’s not very beginner-friendly since it’s prone to mold and mildew. That’s part of the reason professionals advise growers to cultivate it indoors.
As for the climate, it flourishes in sunny and warm areas with low humidity levels. The plant has a short flowering period that takes about seven to nine weeks.
It produces a yield of 14 ounces per square meter when grown indoors, and 14 ounces per plant when outdoors.
Original Haze Strain: The Best Crossbreeding Cannabis
Like the AK-47, the Haze is a product of four different strains. Those strains were South Indian, Thai, Mexican, and South American.
Haze is a potent Sativa strain that has had a significant impact on the cannabis industry. It’s responsible for the wide variety of Haze strains on the market. These include the popular Mango Haze, Silver Haze, and Amnesia Haze.
It has a complex spicy, sweet, citrus, aroma, and a spicy-sweet taste. This strain also lingers in the air after smoking.
The effects it produces are mental since it’s a Sativa-dominant strain. Furthermore, it’s quite popular in social settings thanks to its upbeat and energetic high.
The strain is euphoric and can boost your creativity as well. It also acts as a mood enhancer and can get you highly motivated.
Haze gets users high with just a few puffs because of its potent nature. The high can last for several hours. Some people even claim that they felt as if everything was moving at a fast pace.
Patients with attention deficit disorders benefit from this strain because it increases their concentration.
Its drowsy after-effects also make it ideal for people struggling with insomnia. Haze is a great fit for patients with depression and loss of appetite as well.
The plant has olive green colored buds and a long growth period. It can take up to 14 weeks when grown indoors and flourishes in warm climates.
Even though the strain takes a lot of effort to grow, its resistance to mold still makes it ideal for new growers.
CLASSICAL STRAINS THAT HAVE INFLUENCED MODERN CANNABIS
Records show that cannabis seeds first arrived in Australia in 1787. And by 1960, there was an increase in the use of cannabis in the country.
Years of cross breeding have made it challenging to identify the genetic backgrounds of most cannabis varieties.
Despite their complex genetic makeup, modern strains are better suited for medicinal use. Their modified CBD and THC content makes them more effective in treating specific conditions or diseases.
We can’t argue with the fact that medicinal cannabis has some incredible benefits. But, that doesn’t mean that you can get the relief you need by using any random cannabis products.
As you’ve seen, the products have varying amounts of THC and CBD. What’s more, each cannabis strain has its distinct effects.
To get the relief you desire, you’ll need to make your selection based on your symptoms. Fortunately, this cannabis strains guide for Australia has enough information to help you determine the strains that will meet your medicinal needs.
We also recommend that you consult a qualified health professional to ensure that you’re making a safe and informed decision.